- Causes, Statistics & Prevention, Empty Nest Syndrome: Definition & Explanation, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL): Definition & Scale, What is Semantic Dementia? Services. Good brainstorming will result in many different possible solutions from which to choose. [2] This study highlighted the link between behaviours of divergent thinking, or creativity, in playfulness during childhood and those displayed in later years, in creative adolescents and adults. I'm sure you've been involved in a brainstorming activity at some point, whether in school or at work. However, sometimes that creative potential disappears when children grow up in an educational system that standardizes the mindset of all students, unifying their perspectives. Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Mark A. Runco, in Creativity (Second Edition), 2014. Log in here for access. However, it is based on an approach that differs substantially from divergent thinking (Torrance) or divergent production (Guilford)—a Gestalt 5-psychology theory of creativity. Convergent thinking is used in accordance with divergent thinking. When new, creative, innovative, and vague ideas are presented as a result of divergent thinking; systematic, procedural, precise and time-effective convergent thinking is required to work on the results of divergent thinkers, scrutinize and reach an unambiguous answer. Divergent thinking is an important aspect of creative thinking. convergent thinking: the opposite of divergent thinking, the capacity to narrow in on the single “correct” answer or solution to a given question or problem (e.g., giving the right response on an intelligence tests) creativity: ability to generate, create, or discover new ideas, solutions, and possibilities Divergent thinking is a process wherein as many solutions as possible to a problem are generated, and then the best solution from that group is selected. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. Brainstorming is the most well-known problem-solving strategy associated with divergent thinking. 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This long-term study would help parents and teachers identify this behaviour (or lack thereof) in children, specifically at an age when it can be reinforced if already displayed, or supported if not yet displayed. Or, you could be the kind of person who prefers to lay all the options out on the table and then decide? [3] This group of researchers drew a parallel between "their findings and creative problem solving by arguing that participants in a positive mood are better able both to differentiate between and to integrate unusual and diverse information". In a study at the University of Bergen, Norway, the effects of positive and negative mood on divergent-thinking were examined. Divergent thinking is a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions. What is Divergent Thinking? Divergent thinking in children is an exceptional gift. The information and ideas obtained as a result of divergent thinking can be structured using convergent thinking to produce a single most effective answer. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Convergent thinking is often used in conjunction with divergent thinking. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Below is one definition of divergent thinking: Divergent Thinking Definition: Divergent thinking can be described as unconventional 's' : ''}}. [7] Research on sleep deprivation and divergent thinking could be further explored on a biological or chemical level, to identify the reason why cognitive functioning, as it relates to divergent thinking, is impacted by lack of sleep and if there is a difference in its impact if subjects are deprived of REM versus non-REM sleep. Most often, a piece of sea glass isn't just sitting on the top of the pile of sand or stones waiting for you to find it. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. It is sometimes referred to as “lateral thinking” which is a term credited to Edward De Bono, a Maltese psychologist, physician, author, and inventor. Further research could take this topic one step further to explore effective strategies to improve divergent thinking when in a negative mood, for example how to move beyond "optimizing strategies" into "satisficing strategies" rather than focus on "the quality of their ideas", in order to generate more ideas and creative solutions.[3]. Convergent thinking is a term coined by Joy Paul Guilford as the opposite of divergent thinking.It generally means the ability to give the "correct" answer to standard questions that do not require significant creativity, for instance in most tasks in school and … Did you know… We have over 220 college Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Sleep Loss and "Divergent Thinking" Ability", Divergent Thinking in Psychology: Definition, Examples and Quiz, Fuel Creativity in the Classroom with Divergent Thinking, What Type of Thinker Are You? Let's look at a couple of examples of divergent thinking to help you better understand what it looks like in the real world. Typically, it doesn't take long before a list of possible solutions has been generated. A Convergence–Divergence Continuum. Divergent thinking is an essential aspect of creativity and has been shown to be affected both by music and physical exercise. The name of this test suggests that it is a divergent thinking test, and its acronym (TCT-DP) makes it easy to confuse with Torrance’s TTCT. The distinction between divergent and convergent thinking implies a dichotomy. Create an account to start this course today. Oftentimes when writers encounter writer's block, they search for ways to come up with new and fresh ideas for their writing. While little research has been conducted on the impact of sleep deprivation on divergent thinking, one study by J.A. On the other hand, the divergent thinker questions and doubts the adequacy of existing knowledge. What is divergent thinking? As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Visit the Introduction to Psychology: Homework Help Resource page to learn more. Following divergent thinking, the ideas and information will be organized using convergent thinking; i.e., putting the var ious ideas back together in … When it comes to solving problems, there are a variety of strategies that can be employed. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Explain what divergent thinking is and contrast it with convergent thinking, Discuss how brainstorming works to generate ideas or solutions, Recall the purpose of stream of consciousness writing. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Divergent Thinking: Definition & Examples, Cognitive Thinking: Creativity, Brainstorming and Convergent & Divergent Thinking, Convergent Thinking: Definition & Examples, Functional Fixedness in Psychology: Definition & Examples, Proactive Interference: Definition & Examples, What is Metacognition in Psychology? Divergent thinking on the other hand proceeds differently. Start studying Chapter 7 Cognition, Thinking, & Divergent Thinking. What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences? [2] The author noted that during the study, while observing the children's behaviour at play, they "noted individual differences in spontaneity, overtones of joy, and sense of humour that imply a relationship between the foregoing qualities and some of the factors found in the intellectual structure of creative adults and adolescents". first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. It involves rigorous gymnastics of the mind that lead to unexpected solutions. courses that prepare you to earn For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning … In this lesson, you will learn to define divergent thinking and be given two examples of divergent thinking that are used in everyday situations. [4][5] In a 1990 study by Murray, Sujan, Hirt and Sujan,[6] this hypothesis was examined more closely and "found positive mood participants were able to see relations between concepts”, as well as demonstrating advanced abilities "in distinguishing the differences between concepts". Parallels have been drawn between playfulness in kindergarten-aged children and divergent thinking. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Divergent thinking talks about considering several solutions to a certain problem. Divergent thinking, also referred to as lateral thinking, is the process of creating multiple, unique ideas or solutions related to a problem that you are trying to solve. Subjects' performance on both a word fluency task and a challenging nonverbal planning test was "significantly impaired by sleep loss", even when the factor of personal motivation to perform well was controlled. Convergent thinking is considered black and white, while divergent thinking has gray areas. All rights reserved. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, CPA Subtest III - Financial Accounting & Reporting (FAR): Study Guide & Practice, First & Second Language Acquisition in the Classroom. [7] This study showed that even "one night of sleep loss can affect divergent thinking”, which "contrasts with the outcome for convergent thinking tasks, which are more resilient to short-term sleep loss". There is a movement in education that maintains divergent thinking might create more resourceful students. Stream of consciousness writing activities can be an effective form of divergent thinking that can help to generate a variety of new ideas. Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Convergent thinking is the type of thinking that focuses on coming up with the single, well-established answer to a problem. Shake Things Up. In a study at the University of Bergen, Norway, the effects of positive and negative mood on divergent-thinking were examined. In this lesson, we are going to focus on one specific thinking strategy that can be used to solve problems: divergent thinking. Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity Rights in the U.S. Many possible solutions are explored in a short amount of time, and unexpected connections are drawn. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Adults, Cognitive Disability vs. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Divergent th inking typically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner, such that the ideas are generated in a random, unorganized fashion. D r Peter Lovatt has been head of the Dance Psychology Lab at the University of Hertfordshire since founding it in 2008. You need some techniques to guide your search. Anyone can earn Compare convergent thinking. Other articles where Divergent thinking is discussed: thought: Creative thinking: As discussed above, divergent (or creative) thinking is an activity that leads to new information, or previously undiscovered solutions. These two cognitive approaches, when used appropriately, can be used to solve just about any problem that you face. Horne[7] illustrated that even when motivation to perform well is maintained, sleep can still impact divergent thinking performance. Activities which promote divergent thinking include creating lists of questions, setting aside time for thinking and meditation, brainstorming, subject mapping, bubble mapping, keeping a journal, playing tabletop role-playing games,[1] creating artwork, and free writing. Divergent thinking is an aspect of intelligence a thought process or method, which is usually applied with the goal to generate ideas. Maybe you go with the simplest solution first. [3] This shows that their subjects are at a distinct cognitive advantage when performing divergent thinking-related tasks in an elevated mood. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | The psychologist J.P. Guilford first coined the terms convergent thinking and divergent thinking in 1956. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? Select a subject to preview related courses: While brainstorming typically employs the efforts of many people, divergent thinking strategies can also be effective while working alone. Veronica Roth’s Divergent trilogy (Divergent, Insurgent, Allegiant) has captured the hearts and thoughts of millions of readers. In Divergent Thinking, YA authors explore even more of Tris and Tobias’ world, including: � What Divergent’s factions have in common with one of psychology’s most prominent personality models The idea behind brainstorming is that many minds working simultaneously to solve the same problem will generate a variety of possible solutions rather quickly. - Symptoms & Treatment, Kubler-Ross's 'On Death and Dying': Theories & Summary, Quiz & Worksheet - Normative Social Influence, Quiz & Worksheet - Social Referencing in Psychology, Quiz & Worksheet - Zajonc & Social Facilitation, Quiz & Worksheet - Understanding Political Subcultures, Quiz & Worksheet - Subculture of Violence Theory, Somatoform Disorders in Abnormal Psychology: Homework Help, Dissociative Disorders in Psychology: Homework Help, Eating Disorders in Abnormal Psychology: Homework Help, Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders: Homework Help. [1] Convergent thinking is used as a tool in creative problem-solving. It typically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing, "non-linear" manner, such that many ideas are generated in an emergent cognitive fashion. While it has been shown that making music and physical exercise can be beneficial for Divergent Thinking in isolation, it is unclear whether the effects can be combined. In this manner, they are correlated. Divergent thinking is one strategy for solving problems. succeed. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. 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